• fashion
  • 27 July 2022
Principles and Elements of Fashion Designing

Fashion designing is the process of creating beautiful clothes, footwear or other accessories. Fashion designers are people who know everything about the latest trends and mix different elements to create new clothing for different occasions. Designers are hired to make outfits as per the client’s requirements, they don’t compromise on the quality and this makes these dresses a little more expensive than the others. Fashion is an instant language. The first look is always the only means to show your personality.

The Principles of Fashion Design

The principles are the concepts of fashion designing that every fashion designer must know before starting a career in fashion designing. They provide the basic foundation of fashion designing before getting into them. The basic five principles are:

  • Balance

  • Proportion

  • Emphasis

  • Rhythm

  • Harmony


       Balance is the property of equilibrium or the visual stability in the clothing, which is really           important when it comes to fashion design as it is necessary to add balance as it brings up all the parts of your body in a very elegant way.


      Proportions are the physical relationships with all the parts of the clothing that creates a proper posture. When we draw a human figure then proportions relate to the size of the head or the dimensions of the body and the curves. When the size of two elements being compared doesn’t look right or looks out of balance, it is said to be out of proportion.


Emphasis is the concentration of completion in the design that one must wear. Designers will make one area stand out by contrasting it with other areas. The area could be different in size, colour, texture, shape and a lot more. Some common facts of emphasis are:

  • Emphasis using value

  • Emphasis on using complementary colours

  • Emphasis using colour


Rhythm is created when at least one or more than one element of design are used repeatedly to create a feeling of organised movement. Rhythm creates a mood like music or dancing. To keep rhythm exciting and active, variety is also essential.

Harmony or Unity

It is also known as unity of design. To avoid lifeless design, we must achieve unity and harmony in all proportions. And we must try to create a feeling of harmony between all parts of the dress, this will create a sense of completeness.